Dva zanimljiva i komplementarna članka ovih dana u The New York Times i The Economistu. NYT čini se nije vido što piše The Economist ili ga nije briga — srećom, tu smo mi Balkanci da to sve čitamo, interpretiramo i objedinjujemo 🙂
The New York Times jučer piše When Family-Friendly Policies Backfire koji govori o tome kako porodiljni dopusti štete karijerama i zaposljivosti žena. U doba velike nezaposlenosti u RH ovakve stvari zvuče prilično gadno:
Spain passed a law in 1999 giving workers with children younger than 7 the right to ask for reduced hours without fear of being laid off. Those who took advantage of it were nearly all women.
Over the next decade, companies were 6 percent less likely to hire women of childbearing age compared with men, 37 percent less likely to promote them and 45 percent more likely to dismiss them …
Ima još, pogledajte članak. Koji uglavnom ,zdvaja nad time što napraviti i nekako zaključuje da nema rješenja.
S druge strane, The Economist je prije 10 dana objavio članak The dad dividend u kojem navodi rezultate istraživanja OECD i nekih drugih koje pokazuje da očev porodiljni dopust znači puno za djecu, primjerice:
… But a Norwegian study found that it improved performance at secondary school; daughters, especially, seemed to flourish if their dads had taken time off.
It could be that dads who take paternity leave are more dedicated, and therefore more willing to change nuclear nappies and soldier through the adventures of Peppa Pig, independent of how much time they take off at birth. The OECD controlled for this by using two other measures of paternal dedication: attendance at antenatal classes and presence during birth. Paternity leave was the factor that made the difference. Even dads who braved the boredom of birthing classes and the drama of the delivery room did not get as involved in child-rearing if they failed to take time off work following the baby’s birth.
Because paternity leave tends to be short and poorly paid—or non-existent, leaving fathers to rely on their annual holiday allowance—the dads who took extended time off tended to be a relatively privileged bunch.
Čini se da ovu ‘dividendu’ ipak pobiru prvenstveno djeca bogatijih roditelja. A upareno s podacima iz prvog članka, čini se jednostavno što bi trebalo napraviti?